(Witness) in an empirical study on the reasons behind the results of brevet official exams in UNRWA schools

(Witness) in an empirical study on the reasons behind the results of brevet official exams in UNRWA schools

(Witness) in an empirical study on the reasons behind the results of brevet official exams in UNRWA schools:

è An ineffective plan leads to loss of control and follow up by the department of education.

è Everyone is called to bear responsibility of such results.


A scientific study issued by the Palestinian Association for Human Rights (Witness), documents with statistics the educational condition in the schools of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) especially after the results of intermediate certificate (brevet) in Lebanon on 15/7/2022 that have stirred a controversy on the reasons behind them and who bears the responsibility.

The study relies on a series of meetings with educators and activists and is based on official tables issued by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education.

 The study objectively addresses the direct and indirect causes of the pass rate that didn’t exceed 48% in UNRWA schools that include 2803 students distributed over 37 schools among 5 areas in Lebanon (Beirut, North, Sidon, Tyre, and Bekaa) whereas the general pass rate all over Lebanon exceeded 79%.

The study also deals with the accumulative reasons that have influenced the academic performance of Palestinian students in UNRWA schools.

The study shows that there are notable successes achieved in some schools and failures in others, and that there are ineffective educational policies set by UNRWA that contributed to this dramatic result.

The study reaches out to a set of scientific conclusions, the most important of which is the confusion in the department of education, which has lost the ability to control, follow-up and evaluate on a timely basis, with no leverage of financial and human resources to face the enormous challenges that Lebanon is experiencing.

The study also indicates that there are cumulative and complex reasons that contributed to reaching these results, including the economic and social reality and the overpopulated camps, in addition to the general expectation that no official examinations will be conducted like last year.

As UNRWA has distinguished examples to be emulated, there is a vivid dereliction in many schools that need reevaluation and intensifying of efforts to reach the required academic level.

The study finally makes recommendations to the relevant authorities, especially the Education Department of UNRWA, the Palestinian factions, civil society and student forces, all of which raise the alarm and call on them to search seriously for ways and mechanisms to get out of this educational impasse that Palestinian students in Lebanon are going through, especially at the elementary and intermediate levels.


To view the full study, kindly visit the following link:




Beirut in 22/7/2022

Palestinian Association for Human Rights